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Drayadic Conjunction

Copyright © 2004-2021 C.E. by D. Jon Scott


There are two primary forms of conjunction in the Drayadic language: conjunctive suffixes (or conjunctive cases) and particular conjunctions.

Conjunctive Cases

These declensions are applied either to the noun or the pronominal suffix of the verb, depending on whether the conjunction applies to the individual[s], or whether the conjunction applies to the action[s]. There is no conjunctive agreement between the agent of a verb and the verb’s pronominal suffix. If a pronoun is used to refer to a verb’s agent, and a conjunction is needed, the pronoun cannot simply be dropped, as it would be in most other cases, as inflecting the verb’s pronominal suffix with a conjunctive suffix would indicate that the conjunction applied to the verb rather than the pronoun.

Conjunctive suffixes should only be used when conjoining two nouns having the same relationship to a verb (e.g., “Jack and Jill went up the hill...”), two verbs having the same relationship to a noun (e.g., “Jack went up the hill and fetched a pail of water”), or both (e.g., “Jack and Jill went up the hill and fetched a pail of water”). Conventions for conjoining what might otherwise be separate sentences (e.g., “Jack went up the hill, and Jill fetched a pail of water”) are similar to the conventions used in English and most other languages. More specifically, the conjunctions used for this purpose are not conjunctive inflections, or any kind of inflection at all, but independent words — just as they are in English. These non-inflective conjunctions are not discussed in this section in any depth, but see particular conjunctions for more details.

Correlating conjunctive suffixes
Radilindmhei Both the light [and...]
Radilildlhei Either the light [or...]
Radilinglhei Neither the light [nor...]
Radililcmhei Whether the light [or...]
Radilingi Not the light [but...]
Coordinating conjunctive suffixes
Radilintmhai And the light
Radililtlhai Or the light
Radilingai Nor the light
Radilintlhai But the light

A correlating conjunctive suffix must always be placed on a word preceding a word inflected with a coordinating conjunctive suffix. For example, the form Dzaecillu Dzilillantmhai, literally, “Jack and Jill”, is completely unacceptable, while the form Dzaecillundmhei Dzilillantmhai, literally, “both Jack and Jill”, is the proper construction. Whenever two words are conjoined, each word must be inflected with a conjunctive suffix. It is important to stress that this applies only to correlating conjunctive suffixes and coordinating conjunctive suffixes, and not to subordinating conjunctive suffixes or particular conjunctions.

The same rules that apply to correlating conjunctive suffixes and coordinating conjunctive suffixes also apply to subordinating conjunctive suffixes, except that [1] subordinating conjunctive suffixes can only be applied to the pronominal suffixes of verbs, and [2] subordinating conjunctive suffixes are only applied to a single word.

Subordinating conjunctive suffixes
Temporal subordinating conjunctive suffixes
Radelaaneniletsai Eft it shone; after it shone
Radelaaneniletsui Ere it shone; before it shone
Radelaaneniletsei Whilst it shone; whenas it shone
Radelaaneniletsii As it shone; while it shone
Radelaaneniletsai Eft it shone; after it shone
Radelaaneniletsaa Sith it shone; since it shone
Radelaaneniletsuu Till it shone; until it shone
Causal subordinating conjunctive suffixes
Radelaaneniledlhia Because it shone
Radelaaneniledlhaa Sithence/sith/since it shone
Radelaaneniletsmhaa Now that it shone
Radelaaneniletsmhaa As/because it shone
Radelaanenilebhlhoa In order that it shone
Radelaanenilebhlhoi So [that] it shone
Oppositional subordinating conjunctive suffixes
Radelaanenilenlha Although it shone
Radelaanenilenlhai Though it shone
Radelaanenilenlhae Even though it shone
Radelaanenilentlhai Whereas it shone
Radelaaneniletslhai While it shone
Conditional subordinating conjunctive suffixes
Radelaanenilephai An it shone / if it shone
Radelaanenilengphai Unless it shone
Radelaanenilectmhai Whether or not it shone
Radelaanenilephlhai Even if it shone
Radelaanenilencmhai In case it shone
Radelaanenilephobaa Lest it shone; for fear that it shone

Other conjunctive suffixes
Aversive Radiniphobaa For fear of the light
Causal Radinibaa Because of the light
Purposive Radinibao For reason of the light
Benefactive Radinibu For the light

Particular Conjunctions

Conjunctions taking the form of individual word particles (rather than being appended to other words) were used for conjoining phrases that might have otherwise been able to function as two separate sentences. (E.g., “Jack went up the hill, and Jill fetched a pail of water”.)

Correlating conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions
pmhoa / nmhaa Both / and nmhai or ntmhai And
iltoa / ultaa Either / or ultai Or
ngiltoa / ngultaa Neither / nor ngultai Nor
mhiltoa / ultaa Whether / or ultai Or
mhiltoa / ulngaa Whether / or not ulngai Or not
ngiplhaa / ultmhaa Not only / but also ultlhai But
Temporal subordinating conjunctions Causal subordinating conjunctions
craa or tsai After / eft baa Because
crua or tsui Before / ere blhaa Sithence / sith / since
crea or tsei When / whenas tsmhaa Now that
cria or tsii While / whenas / as bia As
ndraa or tsaa (Ever) since bhoua Since / because
ertua or tsuu Until bhoa So (that) / in order to
Oppositional subordinating conjunctions Causal subordinating conjunctions
ngoltaa Although phia If / an
altaa Though ulniphaa Unless
mhiltaa Even though phiplhia/phiplhaa Only if / if only
mhaltaa Whereas mhiltulngaa Whether or not
mhaltai While mhiphaa Even if
nicmhaa In case

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