Parent Group

Eubiota (“True Life”)

Sister Groups

Prokaryota (Prokaryotes)

Daughter Groups

Animalia (Animals)
Fungi (Fungi)
Plantae (Plants)


The origin and evolution of the Mitochondrion.

Evolution: Reptiles to Mammals
The evolutionary transition from synapsid reptiles to mammals.

Convergence or Introgression?
Could the mosaic of characteristics seen in fossil and extant hominids be evidence of past hybridization?

“Through a Glass, Darkly”
Dinosaurian hominids.


The Hominid Homepage
For all your filthy monkey-man needs.


Fossil Hominid Specimens

D. J. Scott


Be Enveloped.
Copyright © 2017-2018 by Dustin Jon Scott
[Last Update: September 15th, 2017]

I. Eukaryotic Cell Structures

I.a. The Plasma Membrane

I.a. The Organelles

I.a-2.) The Plastid

I.a-2.) The Flagellum

I.a-2.) The Golgi Apparatus

I.a-2.) The Ribosome

I.a-2.) The Peroxisome

I.a. The Nucleus

I.a-2.) The Nuclear Envelope

I.a-2.) The Nucleolus

I.a-2.) The Chromosomes

I.a-2.) Chromatid

I.a-2.) Sister Chromatids

I.a. The Cytosol

I.a-3.) The Cytoplasm

I.a-3.) The Cytoskeleton

II. Eukaryotic Cell Cycle

II.a. Gap 0 (G0) phase: Quiescence

II.a. Intermitosis/Intermeiosis phase (Interphase)

II.a-1.) Interphase 1: Gap 1 (G1) phase

II.a-2.) Interphase 2: Synthesis (S) phase

II.a-3.) Interphase 3: Gap 2 (G2) phase

II.a. Mitotic (M) phase

Mitosis is not only the primary means of reproduction of unicellular eukaryotes, but also the primary means of growth (including the regrowth of damaged tissues) for the soma, or the somatic cells of multicellular organisms.

II.a-3.) Prophase

II.a-3.) Prometaphase

II.a-3.) Metaphase

II.a-3.) Anaphase

II.a-3.) Telophase

II.a. Meiosis I

II.a-3.) Prophase I

II.a-3.) Metaphase I

II.a-3.) Anaphase I

II.a-3.) Telophase I

II.a. Meiosis II

II.a-3.) Prophase II

II.a-3.) Metaphase II

II.a-3.) Anaphase II

II.a-3.) Telophase II

II.a. Cytokinesis

Works Cited

☣ John Logsdon. Evolution of Meiosis. Evolutionary Medicine. Youtube. November 23, 2016
Available online @ <>